The archeological museum of Rhodes is located in Mouseiou square in the Medieval town, near the commercial port. Building began in 1440 and was completed in 1485. It was turned into a military camp during Turkish rule. Exhibits include vessels, jewelry and statuettes from ancient Ialyssos and Kameiros, sculptures from the archaic, the Classic, the Hellenistic and the Byzantine period, clay vessels and tools from the caves of Kalymnos and Kos, etc.
Some of the most interesting exhibits are the two archaic Kouroi of the 6th century (Cycladic art) found in Kameiros, the head of the Sun god of the 2nd century bearing holes in the hair probably for the fitting of metallic rays and modeled after the Colossus.